Agricultural practices cause nutrient emissions to the Baltic Sea and accelerate climate change. Agriculture also has an immense potential in combating climate change and the eutrophication of the Baltic Sea. On the Carbon Action Platform, collaboration takes place between businesses, scientists, farmers, and other experts to find practices that speed up the sequestration of carbon from the atmosphere into agricultural soil. E-college for Regenerative Farming has also seen day light through collaboration. This is part of work mitigating the climate change.
The loss of biodiversity is accelerating, and we need to take urgent and concrete action to stop species extinction. The biodiversity of the sensitive and unique ecosystem of the Baltic Sea is under threat, too. Baltic Sea Action Group has started a collaborative project which utilises the extensive data on the underwater marine environment to build concrete measures to protect underwater environments.
The Baltic Sea is one of the busiest maritime places on earth. A large part of maritime traffic’s nutrient emissions comes from unloading the ships’ gray waters and food waste into the sea. The project initiated by the Baltic Sea Action Group aims to mitigate these emissions in collaboration with the industry.
The Järki projects aim at sustainable agriculture, that protects water bodies and biodiversity and is also profitable for the farmers. The Järki project family has worked ten years to solve issues preventing environmental measures in the farms and at the regulatory level.
A Commitment is a voluntary, public act with a positive impact on the Baltic Sea. We analyze the problems and find relevant organizations to help to fix them. Commitments can be direct or indirect, single acts or long term processes. Today there are some 300 Baltic Sea Commitments, among then Commitments from all the Baltic Sea states.
Nutrients, especially nitrogen and phosphorus are vital for food production but in the Baltic Sea excess nutrients cause eutrophication. When nutrient recycling becomes profitable business, valuable nutrients will not be wasted. Nutrient cycling business ecosystem is a group of companies who work together to create new business opportunities and to achieve a breakthrough of nutrient recycling.
Despite targets for water quality set by national and international legislation nutrient and sediment runoffs are still significant in many regions around the Baltic Sea. There seems to be a lack of capacity among local authorities to reach these targets and at the same time develop competitive rural businesses. The Waterdrive project, therefore, develops locally suited practices that enable efficient and financially sensible ways of implementing regulation.
There are large quantities of phosphorus stored in the Baltic Sea’s bottom sediments. In poor oxygen conditions it leaks back to the water and causes eutrophication. BSAG’s goal is to gather more information about the dynamics of internal nutrient storage, and to find ways to mitigate its negative effects in the Baltic Sea.
Major changes can be made only by advocating, in other words lobbying. The restoration of the ecological state of the Baltic Sea requires advocacy at all levels of society, including the highest political level equally in Finland and on the international level. EU legislation and other steering mechanisms related to the Baltic Sea need to be optimized in order to achieve systemic change.
Baltic Sea Action Summit was initiated to get the Baltic Sea issues to the highest political agenda and bring resources from private companies to saving the Baltic Sea. The BSAS is not conventional on-off meeting, but instead a process with the purpose of bringing together and combining actors from the public, private and third sector.