Climate change mitigation in agriculture: measures, costs and policies
Article: Climate change mitigation and agriculture: measures, costs and policies – a literature review.
Authors: Ollikainen, Markku et al.
Publication: Agricultural and Food Science
This literature review focused on the use of policy instruments to incentivise the adoption of greenhouse gas mitigation measures on farms. Carbon taxes and emissions trading were assessed to perform best, although they involve challenges in measuring and verifying changes in the emissions. Estimation of carbon sequestration in arable soils faces problems of the heterogeneity in sequestration capacity and the permanence of sequestration. Different models and measurements also produce highly variable estimates of the emissions reductions and the costs. More consistent information is needed for policy designs.