The Baltic Sea can be saved but action must be taken now

The Baltic Sea’s ecosystem is unique. The Baltic Sea is surrounded by a large and densely populated catchment area, which makes the sea susceptible to many kinds of problems. Despite this, the Baltic Sea is also a beautiful and at some places abundantly inhabited home to a vast array of species.

Eutrophication in the Baltic Sea

Eutrophication in the Baltic Sea

Excessive amounts of nutrients increase algal growth. This process is called eutrophication, and it's a major problem in the Baltic Sea.

Climate change effects in the Baltic Sea

Climate change effects

Rising temperatures and increased rainfall will have various effects on the Baltic Sea's condition and its habitants.

Underwater biodiversity

The Baltic Sea is home to many different plants, algae and animals. Protecting underwater biodiversity is important.

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CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE BALTIC SEA

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EUTROPHICATION AND THE BALTIC SEA

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NUTRIENT CYCLING

Phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) along with other mineral nutrients are needed in crop production. The amount of phosphorus on our planet is limited, and the production of nitrogen fertilizers is energy intensive and accelerates climate change.

These problems could be solved by closing the nutrient cycle. Valuable nutrients must be prevented from leaking from the food chain, and recovered from household waste, food industry’s side streams, manure and municipal wastewater. Recovered nutrients could then be reused in food production. This would also improve the condition of the Baltic Sea, as these excess nutrients would no longer be washed into it.

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